Hundreds of yachts and ships have survived more than a century of existence, but not all of them can offer a story which deserves a movie to be created for. In today’s article we will present you the story of the 1905 George S Lawley & Sons sailing yacht – INVADER. Throughout her life the yacht experienced glamour and disaster, triumphs and sad days, endless change of ownerships. Not the whole history is clear and there are some hypothesis in relation to the rotation of owners, trips and purposes of use of the classic sailing yacht. However, here is her colorful story in short.
Setting Coal in the Keel
The star of the 41 meter sailing beauty was born in 1905 in South Boston where the renowned shipyard of George S Lawley & Sons took the risk to build a yacht with big draft making her storage more difficult. Her design was made by Albert Stanton Chesebrough coming from a family of some of the best naval designers of that time. INVADER was owned by the coal magnate Roy Rainer who is believed to have sent coal to the shipyard with the idea to have it set in the concrete in the keel. Mr. Rainer was passionate about bringing his new beautiful yacht to participate in regattas and races. She did participate in sailing competitions but a little is known about how she did in them in the beginning of her existence.
Winning the Transpacific Regatta
For a period of nineteen years INVADER didn’t experience her most glorious days. Various ownership transactions happened until she became property of Don Lee in 1924 and was moved to the West Coast. He was a well-known businessman from California who was prescient to see the potential of the vessel. He decided to put her back to her initial condition. All the rigging, sails and jibs were renewed. For just a few months her name was changed to “Nancy Lee” which was Don’s daughter name. However, as it was believed that this change might have brought bad luck in February 1925 the name was back to INVADER. In the following year took place one of the most important events from the history of this stunning vessel – the Transpacific regatta which is the biggest event on the West Coats of the USA. That was the second largest event after the Americas Cup in terms of crowds’ interest. Six ships participating in the regatta had to make the voyage from San Francisco to Honolulu, Hawaii for the shortest period possible. INVADER was the largest one with her biggest competitors POINSETTIA and MARINER which was the yacht of the actor John Barrymore. It is believed that INVADER was the first ship reaching Diamond Head with a record time of 12 days, 2 hours, 48 minutes and 3 seconds. No matter the fact that the yacht experienced a fire on board during the transpacific trip, she was the winner both for real and compensated time winning the most prestigious trophies – the “Lipton Cup” and “Morgan Adams Cup”. Some sources deny INVADER’s triumph for putting a record which couldn’t be beaten until 1949, but she also had a record time on the way back which was not put into doubt.
Showcased in the Movie Mr Robinson Crusoe
In the beginning of the 30s INVADER had another owner – the head of The United Artists Studio among whose creators was Charlie Chaplin – Joseph M. Schenk. He wanted to combine business and pleasure and had the idea to shoot movies on board INVADER. A long journey to Polynesia, Fiji, Tonga, New Hebrides, Solomon Islands, Indonesia and Hawaii was planned. As far as it is known INVADER did reach Tahiti and Moorea where she participated in the movie “Mr. Robinson Crusoe” which can be still watched on a DVD. It is not really clear if the ship completed the whole trip that was scheduled. In the mid-30s INVADER changed her role a little and became a pleasure vessel for VIPs, gamblers and actors making cruises around the Californian coast connecting the major ports – San Francisco, San Diego and Los Angeles with Catalina Island. Until the beginning of the 40s INVADER was part of the plans of different businessmen who wanted to convert her into a ship for cruises with regular schedule or to involve her into an expedition to less known areas, but no information exists to prove whether it was a success or not.
Patrolling the Western Coasts of the USA
In 1942 INVADER became property of the “Sailors’ Union of the Pacific” to become a school ship for seamen. The ship went through a refit to be able to accommodate more crew on board. Until the end of the WWII it is believed that INVADER was serving as a ship patrolling around the coasts of San Francisco and San Diego to alert the US Navy if foreign ships appeared. Decades of unhappy events followed for INVADER starting with a devastating fire in 1945 which burned the last sail formation of the pre-war years.
Change in Ownerships Resulted Into Years of Wonderful Restauration
Another period of transfer of ownerships went through the history of the once glorious sailing yacht. There were intentions to convert her in floating casino, a ship for gatherings with big open spaces with no privacy so a home-like atmosphere could be created, a cruise ship and a houseboat. INVADER experienced another devastating fire which was close to destroy her. However, a ray of light was lit when INVADER was bought by R. L. Wood in 1961 who was the owner of “Wood Brothers”. She was moved to Alameda, California for a few years restauration. She was back to her wonderful condition with five staterooms, three bathrooms, galley, dining room and a saloon. She was carpet covered all over. For a decade she was kept in a marina in Oakland and was rarely used, but she was never abandoned.
Downsizing to a Motor Yacht and Cruise Ship
In the early seventies INVADER experienced another ownership rotation, ended up in Hawaii where another refit was conducted aiming to make the necessary changes so she could get a “passenger ship” status. She did get a Motor Vessel classification which was one of the saddest moments for the once spectacular sailing yacht. In Hawaii INVADER didn’t do very well as a cruise ship. However, in 1983 the yacht had her passenger capacity increased to fit 200 seated guests and 300 standing, this making her one of the most popular vessels for cocktail parties and events in the area of San Diego. For ten years INVADER was a very fashionable place to be cruising on around the Californian coast and Mexico. In 1996 the yacht was deleted from the US register for the very first time and was registered in the British Virgin Islands.
Love On First Sight
A very important moment for INVADER happened in 1997 when she was in Palma de Mallorca, Spain. This is when Commander Giuliano Mussone saw her for a very first time and three years later he had to find a ship for the company he was working for – Blue Sea Inc. He then recalled the beauty of INVADER seeing her in Spain and started researching where she was in that period. Commander Mussone found her in Germany in the Lurssen’s shipyard. There was a plain hull only with nothing left from the sailing yacht he had seen years earlier.
Back Into Racing in Regattas
No matter this view, Mussone knew her potential and she was purchased. After digging into her historical background the commander and the new owner decided to put her under a massive refit which was going to bring her back to her initial look and purpose. The restoration took place in Italy – in Viareggio and La Spezia between 2001 and 2003. In December 2003 on the coast of the beautiful Cote d’Azur INVADER was rechristened with a hug celebratory ceremony. Even the direct descendants of the very first owner who ordered the vessel – Mr Roy Rainer joined the celebration; this is how much a vessel could mean for owners sometimes. Back to her splendor INVADER appeared as a guest ship in regattas such as the America’s Cup. She was brought back to life because her Captain Mussone believed in her potential. In her second decade after her back-to-glamour restauration INVADER is one of the most beautiful classic sailing yachts in the Mediterranean and currently she calls home Spain.
The whole story of INVADER can be read here.